The Sphenoid sinuses are located in the skull, behind the eyes and nose. They are made up of a left and right sinus that controls the drainage of mucus in the back of your nose.
Sphenoid Sinusitis can occur as the result of allergies, a bacterial, viral or fungal infection.
In addition to the nasal discharge and dull headaches, you could also experience ear aches and neck pain caused by the infection.
Sphenoid Sinusitis is often misdiagnosed due to the location of the sinuses in the skull. They are deep behind the eyes and nose and are difficult to diagnose with just a physical examination. An endoscopic exam under local anesthesia or a CT scan will effectively diagnose this infection.
The good news is, Sphenoid Sinusitis is not that common. Even so, it makes sense to learn about the different types of Sinusitis if you or a family member suffers from this type of infection.
Once a proper diagnosis has been made, Sphenoid Sinusitis treatment can begin.
Antibiotics and an antihistamine are usually prescribed since this type of infection is more often caused by a bacteria. Over-the-counter pain relievers are recommended for the relief of headaches.
Some doctors will also recommend the use of steam treatments or a humidifier to help clear out the nasal passages and keep them moist. A salt water flush that can easily be made at home can also help with the loosening and discharge of built-up mucus in the sinus and nasal passages.
In some rare cases, surgery is required. If antibiotics are not helping to cure the infection, it could turn into Acute or Chronic Sphenoid Sinusitis. When this happens, it is sometimes necessary for an endoscopic surgery that involves puncturing of the infected sinus to effectively drain it.
Other complications could occur do to this type of infection, if not treated properly. Vertigo has been known to occur in patients with a prolonged case of untreated Sphenoid Sinusitis. Neurological problems, infections of the bone and polyps have caused further complications stemming from this infection. In extremely rare cases, an abscess has formed in the forehead or inside the eye socket. Early detection is important in avoiding more serious issues such as these.
Sphenoid Sinusitis prevention includes general health and wellness measures. Wash your hands on a regular basis. Eat a healthy, and well balanced diet. If you have allergies, make sure to work on a treatment plan with your healthcare provider. Avoid sharing drinks and utensils with others. Limit close contact with people who are sick. Avoid smoking and drinking in excess, and exercise on a regular basis.